Παρασκευή, 9 Ιανουαρίου 2015

Palace Warriors - The end of Mycenaean civilisation in Greece by Josho Bruwers

MYCENAEAN CIVILISATION FLOURISHED IN THE AEGEAN DURING THE LATE BRONZE AGE AND REACHED ITS ZENITH DURING THE SO-CALLED ‘PALATIAL’ PERIOD (C. 1350 TO 1200 BC). IMPORTANT CENTRES WERE ESTABLISHED AT, AMONG OTHER PLACES, PYLOS, ORCHOMENUS, MIDEA, AND OF COURSE MYCENAE ITSELF.  THE MYCENAEANS  HAD  A  SYSTEM OF WRITING CALLED LINEAR B (ADOPTED FROM THE EARLIER AND AS YET UNDECIPHERED MINOAN LINEAR A), WHICH WE NOW KNOW WAS USED TO RENDER AN ARCHAIC FORM OF GREEK. THEY ENGAGED IN TRADE WITH PEOPLES ALONG THE EASTERN MEDITERRANEAN LITTORAL AND HAD DIPLOMATIC EXCHANGES WITH THE HITTITE EMPIRE. THEY EVEN CONQUERED THE ISLAND OF CRETE IN THE FIFTEENTH CENTURY, WITH CNOSSUS SERVING AS A MYCENAEAN ADMINISTRATIVE CENTRE FOR THE ENTIRE ISLAND UNTIL IT WAS DESTROYED BY FIRE AROUND 1400 BC.
 
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